Deccan Herald (20-01-2004)
Army gets hi-tech warfare system

A state-of-the-art mobile electronic warfare system, “Samyukta”, developed indigenously by the Defence Research and Development Organisation here was handed over to the Indian Army on Monday.

Handing over a “block” of 26 vehicles in the first phase of the programme to Gen N C Vij, Chief of Army Staff, President A P J Abdul Kalam said efforts should be made to use the dual use technology not only for national security but also to build national information networks, and use it for space and surface mapping.

The Integrated Electronic Warfare System Samyukta Communication and Control block is uniquely configured for frequencies from HF to Millimetre wave for reconnaissance, direction finding, and position fixing, listing, prioritising and jamming adversaries’ emissions. It will ensure dominance over electro-magnetic spectrum which basically means it will jam enemy surveillance signals and voice and radar signals while ensuring its own signals are not jammed by the enemy. It is described as a “force multiplier”.

Samyukta, the largest electronic warfare project so far in the country, has been built jointly by DRDO, Bharat Electronics Ltd, Electronics Corporation of India Ltd and Corps of Signals of the Indian Army. It will be moved to the forward areas in a few months for field testing and the entire system will be deployed by 2005, according to V K Atre, scientific adviser to the Defence Minister and the brain behind Samyukta.

General N C Vij described the development of Samyukta as a dream come true for the Indian Army. In the fully deployed situation, Samyukta will comprise 145 vehicles carrying sophisticated systems with a coverage of 7,000 km range.
Defence Minister George Fernandes said Samyukta was a “weapon” that could be used not only during times of war but in peace too for the defence of the country. He hoped the guns that had fallen silent on the border with Pakistan in the last few weeks would never boom again.

Mr Kalam congratulated the other partners in building Samyukta, including Computer Maintenance Corporation (CMC) & Tata Power Company Ltd (TPCL) which met the challenge of developing integrated real time command and control software having 10 million lines of code even though financially it was not as attractive as conventional business software. 40 small industries enabled the quick realisation of the goal by developing and producing the super components indigenously that had been denied by the advanced countries.

Mr Kalam emphasised the need to create a dedicated Electronic Warfare Quality Assurance agency for the three defence services. He said the creation of a national EW test range at Hyderabad will be appropriate for faster evaluation and delivery of high performance systems. In view of our Nuclear Doctrine of “no first use” it is essential to study how synchronised action between EW systems of the army SAMYUKTA, naval EW system SANGRAHA and air force TEMPEST can prevent the entry of special warheads in our territory, he said.